When you think of Pop Art, most often the works of Andy Warhol, James Rosenquist, and Claes Oldenburg will come to mind. With their unique spins on popular images, they become worldwide phenomena from the 1950's and on. But, even though this art movement is more associated with the faced paced life of American cities like New York it was actually a movement that first emerged in Britain before making its way to the United States and the rest of the world.
In the mid-1950's artist like Eduardo Paolozzi and Richard Hamilton with among the first artist to shape the pop art movement in Britain. In Britain, artists used the pop culture imagery as a way to symbolize the powerful and manipulative effects of American pop culture. They challenged the rules and guideline of traditional fine art by merging images from the pop culture world like news prints and advertisements. In the United States, Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg were among the first artist to implement the pop art technique that shortly after would be a favored technique used throughout the rest of the 50's and 60's. In the United States, the Pop art movement was more of a response from artist who wanted to return to more hard-edge compositions. Alex Katz and Man Ray had subtle hints of the coming pop art movement prior to its huge explosion in the late 1950's.
Pop art uses various imagery and aspects from advertisements, comics, and newsprints that are in use at the moment. It often portrays an ironic display that overall emphasizes an element of any given culture. The focus is on popular culture and is often consider a reaction to the dominant ideas of abstract expressionism of the earlier 1900's. It merges a number of techniques such as that of the Dada movement because they more utilize found objects and images. Pop art is also considering to be one of the first and earliest examples of postmodern art.
Pop art is one of the most recognizable modern art styles. It often was able to elevate commonplace, everyday object of popular culture and place them at a level standard as fine art. There is a focus on blurring the lines of high and low art culture. Many artists strived to show the often literal inter-connection between the natural world and the man-made world. The movement reached its peak in the early 1960's and slowly began to fade and merge into the postmodernism movement the followed.
Each pop art artist implemented their own style into their works. Richard Hamilton creatively merged various images from American magazine to compose his own take on high-class living. Roy Lichtenstein is most famously known for his comic book style of pop art that incorporates bold colors, word bubbles and made a great parody of a number of everyday affairs. The most famous pop art artist is most often said to be Andy Warhol his unique representation of popular culture being overly repetitive was masterfully done in many of his works from this time.